Victor Baptiste Essay Contest Scholarships

This article is about the French government prize. For similarly named prizes aimed at other countries' nationals, see Prix de Rome (disambiguation).

The Prix de Rome (pronounced [pʁi də ʁɔm]) or Grand Prix de Rome[1] was a French scholarship for arts students, initially for painters and sculptors, that was established in 1663 during the reign of Louis XIV of France. Winners were awarded a bursary that allowed them to stay in Rome for three to five years at the expense of the state. The prize was extended to architecture in 1720, music in 1803, and engraving in 1804. The prestigious award was abolished in 1968 by André Malraux, the Minister of Culture.

History[edit]

The Prix de Rome was initially created for painters and sculptors in 1663 in France during the reign of Louis XIV. It was an annual bursary for promising artists having proved their talents by completing a very difficult elimination contest. The prize, organised by the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture (Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture), was open to their students. From 1666, the award winner could win a stay of three to five years at the Palazzo Mancini in Rome at the expense of the King of France. In 1720, the Académie Royale d’Architecture began a prize in architecture. Six painters, four sculptors, and two architects[2] would be sent to the French Academy in Rome founded by Jean-Baptiste Colbert from 1666.

Expanded after 140 years into five categories, the contest started in 1663 as two categories: painting and sculpture. Architecture was added in 1720. In 1803, music was added, and after 1804 there was a prix for engraving as well. The primary winner took the "First Grand Prize" (called the agréé)[3] and the "Second Prizes" were awarded to the runners-up.

In 1803, Napoleon Bonaparte moved the French Academy in Rome to the Villa Medici with the intention of preserving an institution once threatened by the French Revolution. At first, the villa and its gardens were in a sad state, and they had to be renovated in order to house the winners of the Prix de Rome. In this way, he hoped to retain for young French artists the opportunity to see and copy the masterpieces of antiquity and the Renaissance.

Jacques-Louis David, having failed to win the prize three years in a row, considered suicide. Édouard Manet, Edgar Degas, Ernest Chausson and Maurice Ravel attempted the Prix de Rome, but did not gain recognition. Ravel tried a total of five times to win the prize, and the last failed attempt in 1905 was so controversial that it led to a complete reorganization of the administration at the Paris Conservatory.

During World War II (1939–45) the prize winners were accommodated in the Villa Paradiso in Nice.[4] The Prix de Rome was abolished in 1968 by André Malraux, who was Minister of Culture at the time. Since then, a number of contests have been created, and the academies, together with the Institut de France, were merged by the State and the Minister of Culture. Selected residents now have an opportunity for study during an 18-month (sometimes 2-year) stay at The Academy of France in Rome, which is accommodated in the Villa Medici.

The heyday of the Prix de Rome was during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.[5] It was later imitated by the Prix Abd-el-Tif and the Villa Abd-el-Tif in Algiers, 1907–1961, and later Prix d'Indochine including a bursary to visit the École des Beaux-Arts de l'Indochine in Hanoi, 1920–1939, and bursary for residence at the Casa de Velázquez in Madrid, 1929–present.

Winners in the Architecture category[edit]

The Prix de Rome for Architecture was created in 1720.

18th century (architecture)[edit]

YearPremier PrixDeuxième PrixTroisieme PrixCompetition project
1720Antoine DerisetAn entry to a Doric palace
1721Philippe BuacheGuillot-AubryJean PinardA plan of a church measuring 20 toises [40 metres] square
1722Jean-Michel ChevotetJolivetA triumphal arch
1723Jean PinardPierre MouretA mansion for a great nobleman
1724Jean-Pierre Le Tailleur de BoncourtPierre-Étienne Le BonA high altar for a cathedral
1725Pierre-Étienne Le Bon ClairetA convent church
1726François CarlierAufraneClairetA portal of a church
1727François GallotJoseph Eustache de BourgePierre MouretA mansion for a great nobleman
1728Antoine-Victor DesmaraisJoseph Eustache de BourgeQuéauA chateau for a great nobleman
1729Joseph Eustache de BourgeDevillardQuéauA cathedral
1730Claude-Louis d'AvilerPierre Laurentde DevilliardA triumphal arch
1731Jean-Baptiste MarteauPierre RoussetCourtilliéA building 25 toises [50 metres] across
1732Jean-Laurent Legeayde MercyPierre RoussetA portal of a church
1733Jacques HaneuseBailleulJean-Baptiste CourtonneA public square
1734VattebledPierre LaurentLafondA high altar of a church
1735Pierre LaurentJean-Louis PollevertLindetA gallery with a chapel
1736Jean-Louis PollevertMaximilien BrébionGabriel Pierre Martin DumontA country house
1737Gabriel Pierre Martin DumontLindetDatifTwo staircases and a vestibule of a palace
1738Nicolas Marie PotainLancretJean-Baptiste CourtonneA gallery with a chapel
1739Nicolas DorbayMaximilien BrébionLecamusA great stable for a royal chateau
1740Maximilien BrébionCordierde DreuxA garden 400 toises [800 metres] long
1741Nicolas-Henri JardinArmandBourdetA choir of a cathedral
1742ArmandLecamusBourdetA façade of a city hall
1743Jean MoreauCordierBrébionA garden 400 toises [800 metres] long
1744No prize awarded, due to the low quality of entries
1745Ennemond Alexandre PetitotHazon (recorded as "Hazin")Deveau and LeluA lighthouse
1746Charles-Louis Clérisseau and Brébion J., ex-aequoLelu and Nicolas de PigageTurgisA mansion for a great nobleman
1747Jérôme Charles BellicardGirouxLieutautA triumphal arch
1748ParvisLeluDuvivierAn exchange
1749François Dominique Barreau de ChefdevilleJulien-David Le RoyPierre-Louis Moreau-DesprouxA temple to peace
1750Julien-David Le RoyPierre-Louis Moreau-DesprouxCharles De WaillyAn orange garden
1751Marie-Joseph PeyrePierre-Louis Moreau-DesprouxPierre-Louis HelinA public fountain
1752Charles De WaillyPierre-Louis HelinMoreauA façade of a palace
1753Louis-François TrouardJardinA gallery 50 toises [100 metres] long
1754Pierre-Louis HelinBillaudetJardinAn art salon
1755Victor Louis et Charles Maréchaux, ex-aequoBoucartRousseauA funereal chapel
1756Henri-Antoine LemaireHoudonAn isolated chapel
1757Competition canceledA concert hall
1758Mathurin Cherpitel and Jean-François-Thérèse Chalgrin, ex-aequoJacques Gondouin and Claude Jean-Baptiste Jallier de SavaultHoudon and GérendoA pavilion at the corner of a terrace
1759Antoine Le RoyJoseph Elie Michel LefebvreCauchois and Jacques GondouinA horse-riding school
1760Joseph Elie Michel LefebvreClaude Jean-Baptiste Jallier de SavaultGabrielA parish church
1761Antoine-Joseph de BourgeBoucherAntoine-François PeyreA concert hall
1762Antoine-François PeyrePierre d'OrléansAdrien MoutonA covered market
1763Charles François DarnaudinBoucherLouis-François Petit-RadelA triumphal arch
1764Adrien MoutonPierre d'OrléansNaudinA school
1765Jean-François HeurtierBoucuParisA dome of a cathedral
1766Jean-Arnaud RaymondPierre d'OrléansParisA portal of a cathedral
1767Pierre d'OrléansLe MoyneMarquisA customs house
1768Jean-Philippe Lemoine de CouzonBernard PoyetParisA theater
1769Jacob GuerneLussaultParisA public festival for a prince
1770Jean-Jacques HuvéRenardPanseronAn arsenal
1771Not awardedA city hospital
1772Claude-Thomas de Lussault and Jean-Auguste MarquisRenardNicolas-Claude GirardinA palace for the parent of a sovereign
1773Jean Augustin RenardMathurin Crucy and CoutoulyThierry and HerbelotA pavilion for a sovereign
1774Mathurin CrucyBonnetCharles Joachim Bénard,Mineral baths
1775Paul Guillaume Le Moine le RomanLouis-Étienne de SeineDoucetSchools of medicine
1776Louis-Jean DesprezCharles Joachim Bénard-A chateau for a great nobleman
1777Louis-Étienne de SeineGuy de Gisors-A water tower
1778First and second prizes carried over to 1779-Public prisons
1779Guy de Gisors and Père François Jacques LannoyDurand and Barbier-An art museum
1780Louis Alexandre TrouardDurand-A school on a triangular plot
1781Louis CombesMoitte-A cathedral
1782Pierre BernardCathala-A courthouse
1783Antoine VaudoyerCharles Percier-A menagerie
1784Auguste Cheval de Saint-HubertMoreau-A lazaret
1785Jean-Charles Alexandre MoreauPierre-François-Léonard Fontaine-A funereal chapel
1786Charles PercierLouis-Robert Goust-A meeting house for all the Académies
1787First and second prizes carried over to 1788-A city hall
1788Jacques-Charles Bonnard and Jean Jacques Tardieu, ex-aequoLouis-Robert Goust and Romain-A public treasury
1789Jean-Baptiste Louis François Le FebvreGaucher-A school of medicine
1790No competition
1791Claude-Mathieu DelagardetteNormand-A gallery of a palace
1792Pierre-Charles-Joseph NormandBergognion-A public market for a great city
1793No first prize awardedConstant Protain-A barracks
1794No competition
1795
1796
1797Louis Ambroise Dubut and Cousin, ex-aequoÉloi Labarre and Maximilien Joseph Hurtault-Public granaries
1798Joseph ClémenceJoseph Pompon-A maritime exchange
1799Louis-Sylvestre Gasse and Auguste Henri Victor Grandjean de Montigny, ex-aequoJean-Baptiste Guignet-A cemetery 500 meters long
1800Simon Vallot and Jean-François-Julien Mesnager, ex-aequoJean-Baptiste Dedeban and Hubert Rohault-An institute of sciences and arts or a national school of fine arts

Notes[edit]

19th century (architecture)[edit]

Notes[edit]

20th century (architecture)[edit]

YearPremier PrixDeuxième PrixTroisieme Prix/
Honorable Mention
Competition project
1901Jean HulotAn American Academy
1902Henri ProstEugène ChifflotA national print house
1903Léon JausselyJean Wielhorski and Henri JoulieA public square
1904Ernest Michel HébrardPierre Leprince-RinguetA carpet manufactory
1905Camille LefèvreA water tower
1906Patrice BonnetA French college
1907Charles NicodAn observatory and scientific station
1908Charles Louis Boussois
1909Maurice BoutterinA colonial palace
1910Georges-Fernand JaninA sanatorium on the Mediterranean coast
1911René MirlandPaul TournonA monument to the glory of the independence of a large country
1912Jacques Debat-PonsanRoger-Henri ExpertA casino in a spa town
1913Roger SéassalGaston Castel
1914Albert FerranA military college
1919Jacques Carlu and Jean-Jacques HaffnerEugène-Alexandre Girardin and Louis Sollier ; André JacobA palace for the League of Nations at Geneva
1920Michel Roux-SpitzMarc Brillaud de Laujardière
1921Léon AzémaMaurice MantoutA manufactory of tapestries and art fabrics
1922Robert GiroudA large Military development college
1923Jean-Baptiste MathonGeorges FerayThe residence of the French ambassador in Marocco
1924Marcel PéchinAn institute of general botany
1925Alfred AudoulMarcel ChappeyA National School of Applied Arts
1926Jean-Baptiste HourlierA summer residence for a Chief of State
1927André LecomteAndré-Albert DubreuilAn Institute of Archaeology and Art
1928Eugène BeaudouinGaston Glorieux and Roger HummelAn embassy in a large Far Eastern country
1929Jean NiermansGermain Grange and André HiltA palace for the Institute of France
1930Achille CarlierNoël Le Maresquier and Alexandre CourtoisA college of fine arts
1931Georges DenglerGeorges BovetA French intellectual centre of propaganda abroad
1932Camille MontagnéAndré Aubert and Robert PommierA summer residence in the mountains
1933Alexandre CourtoisRobert Camelot and Charles-Gustave StoskopfA church of pilgrimage
1934André HiltGeorges Letélié and Pierre-Jean GuthA permanent exhibition of contemporary art
1935Paul DomencAn institute of intellectual cooperation
1936André RemondetGeorges Noël and Pierre LablaudeA naval museum
1937Georges NoëlOthello Zavaroni and Paul Jacques GrilloA French Pantheon
1938Henry BernardPierre Dufau and GonthierA sports organisation centre
1939Bernard ZehrfussSachs and SergentA palace of the French colonial empire
1942 (?)Raymond Gleize
1943André Chatelin and Jean Dubuisson
1944Claude BéraudHenry Pottier
1945Jean Dubuisson and Jean de Mailly jointlyPalace for the Court of Justice
1946Guillaume GilletGrand Foyer of the crews of the Fleet
1947Jacques CordonnierPaul La MacheMinistry of Arts
1948Yves Moignet
1949Paul VimondA French college
1950Jacques Perrin-FayollePoutu, Audoul and Castel jointly, Xavier Arsène-HenryA Mediterranean university
1951Louis-Gabriel de Hoÿm de MarienBergerioux and MarriageA conference and congress centre
1952Louis BlanchetPierre-André Dufétel and LevardCommunal home of a large city
1953Olivier-Clément CacoubChaudonneret and BourdonMount of Martyrs
1954Michel MarotMarty and ChauvinA centre of African Research in Kano
1955Ngô Viết ThụPouradier Duteil and MaréchalA votive sanctuary
1956Serge MenilMichel FolliassonAn Acropolis
1957Jean-Marie BrasilierDelb and RobertA Palace of Natural Science
1958Gérard CartonClaude Bach and MenartA Pantheon for Europe
1959Gérard CartonTournier and HardyAn international conference centre for drama and opera
1960Jean-Claude BernardDoucet and CacautBusiness centre of large capital city
1961Jacques LabroA monastery
1962Jean-Loup Roubert and Christian Cacault
1963Jean-Louis Girodet
1964Bernard SchoebelAn artificial island with arts centre and water sports
1965Jean-Pierre PoncabaréA foundation for the study of modern architecture
1967Daniel KahaneMichel Longuet and Aymeric Zublena(last award)A house for Europe in the event of a transformation of the center of Paris

First Prize Winners in the Painting category[edit]

17th century (painting)[edit]

18th century (painting)[edit]

19th century (painting)[edit]

Religious Liberty Essay Scholarship Contest

Students can win up to $2,000 for college by writing an essay discussing whether public school calendars should accommodate religious holidays in the 2018 Religious Liberty Essay Scholarship Contest. To enter, students must write an 800-1,200 word essay responding to the following prompt:

In most public high schools, certain days are marked as religious holidays on the school calendar, and the schools are closed on those days.  As public schools become more diverse, some students’ religious holy day(s) are not days that the schools are closed, resulting in absences for those students.

In an essay, discuss whether public school calendars should accommodate religious holidays.

Consider how school administrators should determine if, or which, religious holy days are included in the school calendar, or if any school policies should be changed to better accommodate students’ religious exercise. Be sure your essay identifies how the First Amendment supports your position.

Click here to download and print the 2018 Religious Liberty Essay Scholarship Contest entry forms

Students should develop a point of view, demonstrate critical thinking and use appropriate examples, arguments and other evidence to support their position. Any high school student graduating in 2018 or 2019 is eligible to enter the contest. There is no religious requirement. Entries must be mailed and postmarked by March 9, 2018.

The grand prize is a $2,000 scholarship and a trip for two to Washington, D.C. Prizes of $1,000 for the second place winner and $500 for the third place winner are also available. Winners will be announced by the end of summer 2018.

The annual Religious Liberty Essay Scholarship Contest engages high school students in church-state issues by directing them to express a point of view on a religious liberty topic. Essays are judged on the depth of their content, the mastery of the topic, and the skill with which they are written. Students should develop a point of view on the issue and demonstrate critical thinking, using appropriate examples, reasons and other evidence to support their position. The annual contest is sponsored by the Religious Liberty Council of the Baptist Joint Committee.

For questions on the 2018 essay contest, read these FAQs or contact Charles Watson Jr. at cwatson@BJConline.org or call 202-544-4226.

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