Essays On The Netherlands

Over many years, the New Netherland Project and the New Netherland Research Center, working with the New Netherland Institute and its predecessor the Friends of New Netherland, have published essays and hosted talks by leading scholars.

Essays include the Annals series by Dr. Charles Gehring, originally undertaken with the support of the Consulate General of the Netherlands in New York. Talks typically were presented at the annual meeting of the New Netherland Institute or the annual Rensselaerswijck Seminar (renamed the New Netherland Seminar in 2009). Also be sure to watch our NNRC scholars' video presentations, a fairly recent but growing content medium. 

"Govert Loockermans (1617?-1671?) and His Relatives: How an Adolescent from Turnhout Worked His Way up in the New World"

This is a translation of the article "Govert Loockermans (1617?-1671?) en zijn verwanten:  Hoe een Turnhoutenaar zich wist op te werken in de Nieuwe Wereld" by Willem Frijhoff  (Erasmus University, Rotterdam / VU-University, Amsterdam), which was published in Taxandria, Jaarboek van de Geschied- en Oudheidkundige Kring van de Antwerpse Kempen, LXXXII (2011), 5-68.

The translation was made by Wim Vanraes for the New Netherland Research Center in 2014. It provides the background for the correspondence of Govert Loockermans, 1647-71, which is held by the New York Historical Society as part of the Stuyvesant-Rutherford Papers (over 60 documents).

Explorers, Fortunes and Love Letters

Published in 2009, this collection of essays pulls from diverse perspectives—social, cultural, intellectual, economic, and political—to weave together the dynamic and diverse history of the Dutch in America. Two of these essays are available below. Purchase the entire collection in our book store. 

Bread: Staff of Dutch Life in the Old and New World by Peter G. Rose

Glimpses of Childhood in the Colony of New Netherland by Adriana E. van Zwieten

Annals of New Netherland
A series by NNRC Director Charles Gehring funded by the Consulate General of the Netherlands in New York that lays before the public instructive but entertaining pieces relating to our Dutch heritage. This series also contains an essay on the New Netherland Project, which was directed by Dr. Gehring. 

Privatizing Colonization: The Patroonship of Rensselaerswijck

The patroonship plan of colonization was attempted in various regions. Only Rensselaerswijck proved a success.

The Dutch among the People of the Long River

The name Long River comes from the local Algonquins. The Dutch called it the Fresh River. Today it's known as the Connecticut.

The Essays of A.J.F. van Laer

A collection of essays by the Keeper of Manuscripts at the New York State Library early in the 20th Century, edited by Dr. Gehring.

Dutch Renaissance: The Story of the New Netherland Project

An award-winning booklet that recounts the story of the New Netherland Project

Papers Presented at Meetings of the New Netherland Institute

Lifeblood of American Liberty by Joep de Koning

Governors Island, landing place of the first colonists from the Dutch Republic.

Conversing with Each Other, among Other Things of the Sale of Housesby Adriana E. van Zwieten, Ph. D.

Buying and Selling Real Property in New Amsterdam.

A name dear to every American of Dutch descent by David Voorhees, Ph.D.

The Story of the Holland Society's journal de Halve Maen by its editor.

From Gothic Window to Kloosterkozijn by Jeroen van den Hurk, Ph. D.

Jeroen van den Hurk uses historic documents to analyze the architecture of New Netherland.

Video Presentations by New Netherland Research Scholars 

In addition to talks and papers presented at scholarly seminars, NNRC scholars have lent their expertise to audiences through visual media. 

Uncovering America's Forgotten Colony

A documentary production about the New Netherland Project, this thirty-minute video provides some historical background about New Netherland and its documentary legacy; it explains the importance of using documentary evidence and dispels some of the misinterpretations of the Dutch in various works of literature. 

Janny Venema discusses the area's Dutch cultural roots on WNYT Albany

Janny Venema, the author of a social history on Beverwijck and a biography of Kiliaen Van Rensselaer, visited the set of WNYT NBC Albany to discuss the area's Dutch cultural roots. 

Dr. Gehring discusses the New York State Museum's "1609" exhibit

In celebration of Albany's quadricentennial in 2009, the New York State Museum exhibited numerous artifacts, images, and cultural objects from the region's early history. In this video, Dr. Gehring speaks about some of the exhibit's historical background.

The Rensselaerswijck and New Netherland Seminars

Selected papers from the Rensselaerswijck Seminar, now the New Netherland Seminar, are presented online in "A Beautiful and Fruitful Place."

Economy of the Netherlands

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The Netherlands has been a trading nation for centuries due to its open economy and outlook. The Dutch are seasoned travellers. They are proficient in languages and skilled in negotiating trade agreements and implementing projects against the odds.
As an open economy, the Netherlands is susceptible to international developments, notably in recent years the global recession – which has been exacerbated by falling share prices, the attacks of 11 September 2001, the war in Iraq and the outbreak of SARS.
Nevertheless, the Netherlands was the world’s eighth largest exporter of goods and services in 2003. Its workforce numbered 7.5 million, three-quarters of whom worked in the service sector. Per capita gross domestic product (GDP) was €27,900. The unemployment rate was 5.3%. And growth was strongest in the public sector, education and health care.
     Traversed by the rivers Rhine, Maas and Scheldt as they meander towards the North Sea, the Netherlands is a hub of transport and distribution: a natural gateway to Europe and centre for multinational enterprise. Its advantages include an advanced infrastructure both for transport and telecommunications. Many Asian and North American imports to Europe are transhipped at Rotterdam or Amsterdam, the country’s two transport centres.
The seaport of Rotterdam is the largest in the world, transhipping tens of millions of tonnes of goods per year. And Amsterdam Schiphol Airport is the fourth largest airport in Europe for both passenger and goods traffic. Dutch transport companies are clustered around the two main import and export centres: Amsterdam Schiphol Airport and the seaport of Rotterdam.
The best-known transport companies are Nedlloyd, Frans Maas and Smit International. The world’s oldest national airline, KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, had to merge with French airline Air France in 2003.
     Many Dutch companies operate globally. The Netherlands' three largest international trading companies are Ahold, SHV Holdings and Hagemeyer. Many manufacturers, such as Unilever Philips, Akzo Nobel and Shell, also do a great deal of trade.
Dredging is a Dutch specialty and companies such as Boskalis, HAM and Ballast Nedam have larger foreign operations than domestic ones. And KPN Nederland is a major player in international telecommunications, working with many non-Dutch companies.
Dutch manufacturers too have a global outlook. They export goods worldwide, maintain subsidiaries in many countries and often join forces with foreign partners. The main manufacturing industries are chemicals, food processing, metalworking and the refining of gas and oil. The printing and electronic engineering industries are also world-class. Dutch

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MLA Citation:
"Economy of the Netherlands." 13 Mar 2018

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The Economy of the Netherlands Essay - The economy of the Netherlands is a wealthy, but small trading nation. The Netherlands has a population of 16.8 million and it accounts for 0.24% of the world’s population, 3.6% of the world’s exported goods and 0.9% of the world’s GDP. While the Netherlands hold the 18th spot of the largest economy, it is the world’s eighth largest exporter of goods. The economy of the Netherlands was badly affected by the Global Financial Crisis due to its open economy. As a member of the European Union, and therefore subject to the EU's debt, the Netherlands are limited in how it can tackle its economic problems and has chosen to implement austerity measures which are clearly not working....   [tags: population, financial crisis, ]602 words
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metalworking companies specialise in making machinery driven by advanced electronic controls, a speciality that has turned the Netherlands into a world leader in the manufacture of vehicles, food processing equipment and machinery for the chemical industry. It has also bolstered the electronics industry.
The north of the Netherlands contains huge reserves of natural gas, making it Western Europe's largest producer. Drilling companies operate in gas and oil fields both on land and in the waters off the Netherlands’ North Sea coast.
A crucial link in Western Europe’s energy supply chain is the seaport of Rotterdam, where large quantities of crude oil arrive by vessel. The port is home to large transhipment companies and refineries, from which considerable quantities of crude oil and its petroleum products are carried directly to the industrial areas of Germany and Belgium.
The presence of refineries and offshore installations has led to an array of activities serving the oil and gas industries. Four large steel construction companies, for instance, design and build entire chemical factories, oil refineries and offshore installations. And dozens more businesses produce specialist equipment. Several Dutch research institutes even have laboratories for simulating offshore conditions.
     Reducing emissions of greenhouse gases, as required by the Kyoto Protocol, is one of the world’s most difficult environmental problems, closely linked as these emissions are to economic growth. The Dutch government acts to cut emissions and binds manufacturers to strict environmental standards. But the Netherlands’ emissions of carbon dioxide have increased in recent years, mainly because the export-driven Dutch oil, transport and chemical industries are all such voracious consumers of energy.
Given the Dutch economy’s strong focus on exports, acting nationally to cut greenhouse gas emissions is more expensive than acting internationally. Emission-reducing measures raise the cost of Dutch exports substantially. The European system of trading emissions due to start in 2005 offers the Netherlands an efficient way of meeting the Kyoto Protocol target. It will allow the Netherlands to buy emission permits from other countries, which will then reduce their emissions accordingly, saving the Netherlands from having to take more expensive measures.


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