Over many years, the New Netherland Project and the New Netherland Research Center, working with the New Netherland Institute and its predecessor the Friends of New Netherland, have published essays and hosted talks by leading scholars.
Essays include the Annals series by Dr. Charles Gehring, originally undertaken with the support of the Consulate General of the Netherlands in New York. Talks typically were presented at the annual meeting of the New Netherland Institute or the annual Rensselaerswijck Seminar (renamed the New Netherland Seminar in 2009). Also be sure to watch our NNRC scholars' video presentations, a fairly recent but growing content medium.
"Govert Loockermans (1617?-1671?) and His Relatives: How an Adolescent from Turnhout Worked His Way up in the New World"
This is a translation of the article "Govert Loockermans (1617?-1671?) en zijn verwanten: Hoe een Turnhoutenaar zich wist op te werken in de Nieuwe Wereld" by Willem Frijhoff (Erasmus University, Rotterdam / VU-University, Amsterdam), which was published in Taxandria, Jaarboek van de Geschied- en Oudheidkundige Kring van de Antwerpse Kempen, LXXXII (2011), 5-68.
The translation was made by Wim Vanraes for the New Netherland Research Center in 2014. It provides the background for the correspondence of Govert Loockermans, 1647-71, which is held by the New York Historical Society as part of the Stuyvesant-Rutherford Papers (over 60 documents).
Explorers, Fortunes and Love Letters
Published in 2009, this collection of essays pulls from diverse perspectives—social, cultural, intellectual, economic, and political—to weave together the dynamic and diverse history of the Dutch in America. Two of these essays are available below. Purchase the entire collection in our book store.
Bread: Staff of Dutch Life in the Old and New World by Peter G. Rose
Glimpses of Childhood in the Colony of New Netherland by Adriana E. van Zwieten
Annals of New Netherland
A series by NNRC Director Charles Gehring funded by the Consulate General of the Netherlands in New York that lays before the public instructive but entertaining pieces relating to our Dutch heritage. This series also contains an essay on the New Netherland Project, which was directed by Dr. Gehring.
Privatizing Colonization: The Patroonship of Rensselaerswijck
The patroonship plan of colonization was attempted in various regions. Only Rensselaerswijck proved a success.
The Dutch among the People of the Long River
The name Long River comes from the local Algonquins. The Dutch called it the Fresh River. Today it's known as the Connecticut.
The Essays of A.J.F. van Laer
A collection of essays by the Keeper of Manuscripts at the New York State Library early in the 20th Century, edited by Dr. Gehring.
Dutch Renaissance: The Story of the New Netherland Project
An award-winning booklet that recounts the story of the New Netherland Project
Papers Presented at Meetings of the New Netherland Institute
Lifeblood of American Liberty by Joep de Koning
Governors Island, landing place of the first colonists from the Dutch Republic.
Conversing with Each Other, among Other Things of the Sale of Housesby Adriana E. van Zwieten, Ph. D.
Buying and Selling Real Property in New Amsterdam.
A name dear to every American of Dutch descent by David Voorhees, Ph.D.
The Story of the Holland Society's journal de Halve Maen by its editor.
From Gothic Window to Kloosterkozijn by Jeroen van den Hurk, Ph. D.
Jeroen van den Hurk uses historic documents to analyze the architecture of New Netherland.
Video Presentations by New Netherland Research Scholars
In addition to talks and papers presented at scholarly seminars, NNRC scholars have lent their expertise to audiences through visual media.
Uncovering America's Forgotten Colony
A documentary production about the New Netherland Project, this thirty-minute video provides some historical background about New Netherland and its documentary legacy; it explains the importance of using documentary evidence and dispels some of the misinterpretations of the Dutch in various works of literature.
Janny Venema discusses the area's Dutch cultural roots on WNYT Albany
Janny Venema, the author of a social history on Beverwijck and a biography of Kiliaen Van Rensselaer, visited the set of WNYT NBC Albany to discuss the area's Dutch cultural roots.
Dr. Gehring discusses the New York State Museum's "1609" exhibit
In celebration of Albany's quadricentennial in 2009, the New York State Museum exhibited numerous artifacts, images, and cultural objects from the region's early history. In this video, Dr. Gehring speaks about some of the exhibit's historical background.
The Rensselaerswijck and New Netherland Seminars
Selected papers from the Rensselaerswijck Seminar, now the New Netherland Seminar, are presented online in "A Beautiful and Fruitful Place."
Economy of the Netherlands
- Length: 750 words (2.1 double-spaced pages)
- Rating: Excellent
The Netherlands has been a trading nation for centuries due to its open economy and outlook. The Dutch are seasoned travellers. They are proficient in languages and skilled in negotiating trade agreements and implementing projects against the odds.
As an open economy, the Netherlands is susceptible to international developments, notably in recent years the global recession – which has been exacerbated by falling share prices, the attacks of 11 September 2001, the war in Iraq and the outbreak of SARS.
Nevertheless, the Netherlands was the world’s eighth largest exporter of goods and services in 2003. Its workforce numbered 7.5 million, three-quarters of whom worked in the service sector. Per capita gross domestic product (GDP) was €27,900. The unemployment rate was 5.3%. And growth was strongest in the public sector, education and health care.
Traversed by the rivers Rhine, Maas and Scheldt as they meander towards the North Sea, the Netherlands is a hub of transport and distribution: a natural gateway to Europe and centre for multinational enterprise. Its advantages include an advanced infrastructure both for transport and telecommunications. Many Asian and North American imports to Europe are transhipped at Rotterdam or Amsterdam, the country’s two transport centres.
The seaport of Rotterdam is the largest in the world, transhipping tens of millions of tonnes of goods per year. And Amsterdam Schiphol Airport is the fourth largest airport in Europe for both passenger and goods traffic. Dutch transport companies are clustered around the two main import and export centres: Amsterdam Schiphol Airport and the seaport of Rotterdam.
The best-known transport companies are Nedlloyd, Frans Maas and Smit International. The world’s oldest national airline, KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, had to merge with French airline Air France in 2003.
Many Dutch companies operate globally. The Netherlands' three largest international trading companies are Ahold, SHV Holdings and Hagemeyer. Many manufacturers, such as Unilever Philips, Akzo Nobel and Shell, also do a great deal of trade.
Dredging is a Dutch specialty and companies such as Boskalis, HAM and Ballast Nedam have larger foreign operations than domestic ones. And KPN Nederland is a major player in international telecommunications, working with many non-Dutch companies.
Dutch manufacturers too have a global outlook. They export goods worldwide, maintain subsidiaries in many countries and often join forces with foreign partners. The main manufacturing industries are chemicals, food processing, metalworking and the refining of gas and oil. The printing and electronic engineering industries are also world-class. Dutch
How to Cite this Page
|The Economy of the Netherlands Essay - The economy of the Netherlands is a wealthy, but small trading nation. The Netherlands has a population of 16.8 million and it accounts for 0.24% of the world’s population, 3.6% of the world’s exported goods and 0.9% of the world’s GDP. While the Netherlands hold the 18th spot of the largest economy, it is the world’s eighth largest exporter of goods. The economy of the Netherlands was badly affected by the Global Financial Crisis due to its open economy. As a member of the European Union, and therefore subject to the EU's debt, the Netherlands are limited in how it can tackle its economic problems and has chosen to implement austerity measures which are clearly not working.... [tags: population, financial crisis, ]||602 words|
|Essay on Economy of the Netherlands - The Netherlands has been a trading nation for centuries due to its open economy and outlook. The Dutch are seasoned travellers. They are proficient in languages and skilled in negotiating trade agreements and implementing projects against the odds. As an open economy, the Netherlands is susceptible to international developments, notably in recent years the global recession – which has been exacerbated by falling share prices, the attacks of 11 September 2001, the war in Iraq and the outbreak of SARS.... [tags: essays research papers]||750 words|
|Immigrants Flock to the Netherlands Due to Booming Economy Essay - Should the political party PVV be excluded from the political arena (landscape) when it treats immigrants unequal to natives. The Netherlands is often referred to as an immigration country because of the large number of immigrants (around 3,122,717 immigrants). Since 1960, many foreign people come to the Netherlands in the hope of finding work and securing a better future for themselves. The large number of immigrants was mainly due to the booming economy at that time, many people came to work in the Netherlands and many also stayed.... [tags: politics, dutch, government]||638 words|
|The Role of the Netherlands on Illegal Deforestation in the Amazon by Importing Brazilian Beef - Introduction containing a) background to the research problem, b) references to empirical literature on what is known about the subject, c) references to empirical ‘gaps‘ (no or little information, bad information, etc.), d) references to the research relevance, and e) clear and well formulated research question(s) (500 words) Brazil’s economy is growing rapidly. The country has gained the sixt position of the world’s largest economy in the world (Boekhout van Solinge & Kuijpers, 2013: 209). The expanding cattle industry plays an important role for their economic growth.... [tags: cattle, economy, resources, rainforest]||2127 words|
|The Netherlands Essay - The Netherlands The Netherlands is low-lying country in western Europe located west of Germany and north of Belgium. According to a 1993 estimate, the Netherlands had a population of 15,224,942. The overall population density was about 449 persons per sq km (about 1162 per sq mi) which makes it one of the most densely populated countries in the world. About 89 percent of the population live in urban areas. The largest cities are Amsterdam (population, 1992 estimate, 713,407), the country's capital; Rotterdam (589,707), one of the world's leading seaports; The Hague (445,287), the nation's seat of government; and Utrecht (232,705), a manufacturing hub.... [tags: Papers]||2727 words|
|Everything You Eve Wanted to Know About The Netherlands Essay - ... They don’t like it when people ask about personal questions like “how much money you make a year?” They find those types of questions very rude in the country of Netherlands. Most people there don’t like the idea of drugs. When they see someone do that they will get upset. Netherlands is okay with thing such as gay rights, abortion, and freedom of speech. Dutch people shake hands when meeting people. They also give three kisses on cheeks if they know you well (TripAdvisor LLC, 2014). People there are very punctual for meetings.... [tags: independence, climate, culture]||2115 words|
| Essay about Social Security Systems in the Netherlands - From decades social security policies are in question all across the Europe. Moreover, the future expectations of changes in the social security systems due to the variations in household structures and ageing of the society bear new social security systems. As most of the European countries the Netherlands, had a substantial growth in the 1960s. After the oil crises, the economy of the Netherlands worsened. Despite the successful creation of a large number of new jobs in the 1980s the growth of unemployment continued and remained persistent in character and still today.... [tags: essays research papers fc]|
:: 3 Works Cited
|Netherlands Essay - The Netherlands The Netherlands, officially Kingdom of the Netherlands, is a constitutional monarchy located in Northwest Europe. The Netherlands Antilles is part of the state and consists of islands in the Caribbean. The Netherlands is often called Holland after a historic region, part of the present day nation. The country is bounded on the North and West by the North Sea, on the East by Germany, and on the South by Belgium. Land is scarce in the Netherlands and is fully exploited. The natural landscapes have been altered over the centuries.... [tags: essays research papers]||689 words|
|The Netherlands and World War II Essay - Throughout World War II the Netherlands was a place of oppression and starvation as more than 200,000 Dutch were killed. The German rule of Holland began in 1940 and ended in 1945. A few of the major events in this time period was the royal Dutch family being exiled, the hunger winter, the bombing of Rotterdam, Operation Market Garden, and the Dutch resistance. At the point when the Netherlands was attacked on May 10, 1940, the Dutch people were not ready for Nazi Occupation. For the Netherlands, the activities of the Nazis were inconceivable, because of their stance of neutrality since World War One.... [tags: dutch resistance, hanger, oppression]||569 words|
|The Rise of the Netherlands and the Decline of Spain Essay - The Rise of the Netherlands and the Decline of Spain The reputation of the Netherlands as an important country increased in prominence during the 'early modern period' of history, that being 1500-1700. This essay intends to show that their 'rise' can be shown in terms of both a cause and also symptomatic of Spain's decrease in significance over the same period. The Spanish 'decline' largely concerns the period between 1600 and 1650, when Phillip III went from "monarch of the world"[i] (New Cambridge Modern History Volume 4 (1970), pp.... [tags: Papers]||1499 words|
Netherlands Economy Global Recession North American North Sea Air France Trade Agreements Unemployment Rate Public Sector Dutch
metalworking companies specialise in making machinery driven by advanced electronic controls, a speciality that has turned the Netherlands into a world leader in the manufacture of vehicles, food processing equipment and machinery for the chemical industry. It has also bolstered the electronics industry.
The north of the Netherlands contains huge reserves of natural gas, making it Western Europe's largest producer. Drilling companies operate in gas and oil fields both on land and in the waters off the Netherlands’ North Sea coast.
A crucial link in Western Europe’s energy supply chain is the seaport of Rotterdam, where large quantities of crude oil arrive by vessel. The port is home to large transhipment companies and refineries, from which considerable quantities of crude oil and its petroleum products are carried directly to the industrial areas of Germany and Belgium.
The presence of refineries and offshore installations has led to an array of activities serving the oil and gas industries. Four large steel construction companies, for instance, design and build entire chemical factories, oil refineries and offshore installations. And dozens more businesses produce specialist equipment. Several Dutch research institutes even have laboratories for simulating offshore conditions.
Reducing emissions of greenhouse gases, as required by the Kyoto Protocol, is one of the world’s most difficult environmental problems, closely linked as these emissions are to economic growth. The Dutch government acts to cut emissions and binds manufacturers to strict environmental standards. But the Netherlands’ emissions of carbon dioxide have increased in recent years, mainly because the export-driven Dutch oil, transport and chemical industries are all such voracious consumers of energy.
Given the Dutch economy’s strong focus on exports, acting nationally to cut greenhouse gas emissions is more expensive than acting internationally. Emission-reducing measures raise the cost of Dutch exports substantially. The European system of trading emissions due to start in 2005 offers the Netherlands an efficient way of meeting the Kyoto Protocol target. It will allow the Netherlands to buy emission permits from other countries, which will then reduce their emissions accordingly, saving the Netherlands from having to take more expensive measures.