Nobel Laureate Malala Yousafzai famously quoted “I raise up my voice—not so I can shout, but so that those without a voice can be heard…we cannot succeed when half of us are held back.”, and that sentiment precisely outlines the basis of new age women empowerment. Discrimination against women is rampant all over the world even in this 21st century. Patriarchal societies in most countries are adept at exploitation as well as victimization of women. Even though about 50% of the world’s population consists of women, but unfortunately most of them are denied basic rights education, freedom of speech, voting power and even independent identity. Crimes directed specifically against women are reported from all over the world. There still remain questions about acceptance of women empowerment in the most advanced of countries, while developing nations and nations under political duress are far from achieving the desired status.
In India, in theory, women enjoy a status of equality with the men as per constitutional and legal provisions. Arguably, our country has taken enormous strides towards inclusion of women with the fairer gender excelling in diverse fields, from literature to astrophysics to finance. But with headlines about dowry killing, female foeticides and domestic violence still making the newspapers, put a silent question mark behind the two words. Here, in this current age, true development and growth can only be achieved by taking successful strides in eliminating deep-rooted ideologies of gender bias and discrimination like the confinement of women to the private domestic realm, restrictions on their mobility, poor access to health services, nutrition, education and employment, and exclusion from the public and political sphere
Meaning of Women Empowerment
If it is to be elucidated beyond the two self-explanatory words, ‘Women Empowerment’ refers to complete emancipation of women from socio-economic shackles of dependency and deprivations. Often made synonymous to gender equality, the term women empowerment encompasses a much larger set of principles that needs whole-hearted attention. The concept of empowerment flows from the word power. Empowerment of women would mean encouraging women to be self-reliant, economically independent, have positive self-esteem, generate confidence to face any difficult situation and incite active participation in various socio-political development endeavors. The growing conscience is to accept women as individuals capable of making rational and educated decisions about them as well as the society, increasing and improving the economic, political and legal strength of the women, to ensure equal-right as men, achieve internationally agreed goals for development and sustainability, and improve the quality of life for their families and communities. The various facets of women empowerment that needs to be addressed for a rounded out development are listed as:-
Human Rights or Individual Rights: A woman has the right to express her thoughts and opinions freely, without any restriction. Individual empowerment may be achieved by imparting self-confidence to articulate and assert the power of independent decision making. Women should be aware of their rights and social positions that they are entitled to constitutionally.
Social Empowerment of Women: The most critical aspect of social empowerment of women is the promotion of gender equality. Gender equality implies that in society women and men enjoy the same opportunities, outcomes, rights and obligations in all spheres of life.
Educational Empowerment of Women: It means enabling women to grab the knowledge, skills, and self-confidence necessary to participate fully in the development process. Giving preference to the girl child for educational opportunities is a start.
Economic and Occupational Freedom: It means reducing the financial dependence of women on their male counterparts by making them a significant part of the human resource. A better quality of material life, within the family as well as for the overall society, can be achieved through promotion of sustainable livelihoods like cottage industries, small entrepreneurial efforts owned and managed by women.
Empowerment Through Legal Knowledge: Not only does it suggest the provision of an effective legal structure which is supportive of women empowerment, there also is the need to spread awareness among women about their legal rights and laws preventing their exploitation. It means addressing the gaps between what the law prescribes and what actually occurs.
Political Empowerment of Women: The existence of a political system encouraging the participation of women in the political decision-making process and in governance. Indian constitution has provided the bulwarks for gender equality in the country in the following articles:-
Article 14 – Equality before law “The State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth”
Article 16 (2) – Equal Opportunities “No citizen shall, on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, descent, place of birth, residence or any of them, be ineligible for, or discriminated against in respect or, any employment or office under the State”.
Article 23 – Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour.
Article 39(a) – The citizen, men & women equally have the right to an adequate means of livelihood.
Article 40(after the 73rd Amendment) – 1/3rdof seats in panchayats shall be reserved for women.
Article 42 – State shall make provisions for just and humane working conditions & maternity relief.
Article 51 A (e) – One of the duties of every citizen is to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of woman.
Government Laws and its subsequent amendments have seen larger inclusion of women with respect to their standing in the society. The Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act 2005 stating that women get equal share in the ancestral property or the Equal remuneration Act, 1976, has contributed towards a better footing in the society. The Dowry prohibition Act, 1961, Child marriage (prohibition) Act, 1929, The indecent representation of women (prohibition) Act, 1986 and the Hindu marriage Act, 1955, preventing polygamy and bigamy, and their strict enforcements has to a large extent contributed towards lessening women exploitation. Various government schemes like Rastriya Mahila Kosh and STEP (Support to training cum Employment for women) have managed to bring financial development of rural women through self-sustainable employment. The recent Beti Bachao and Beti Padhao scheme as well as the SABLA scheme has been aimed at reducing female infanticide and promoting the importance of educating the girl child. A number of councils and bodies have been established for the well-being of women such as the National Commission for Women, Department of Women and Child Development and the Parliamentary Committee on Empowerment of Women which has reviewed various laws and recommended amendments. The National Policy for Empowerment of Women (2001) is aimed at addressing all forms of violence against women including physical, mental and that arising from customs and traditions.
Why Women Empowerment is Important
A strong patriarchal society with deep- rooted socio-cultural values continues to affect the progress of women’s empowerment in the country. The need of the hour is an egalitarian society, where there should be no place for gender superiority. Aim of Government policies should be to identify and eliminate forces that are directed towards keeping the tradition of male dominance over its female counterpart alive.
Women constitute roughly 50% of the nation’s population and a majority of them remain economically dependent, without employment. Many of them are even unaware of the fact that they are eligible for positions that men enjoy. The result is that the economy of the country is skewed due to underutilization of available human resources. Women are generally considered less competent, both intellectually as well as physically as compared with men. As a result the opportunities extended towards them become biased and obtrusive without actual evaluation of their competencies. While scientific data proclaims women to be more adept at multi-tasking than men, they still remain the second choice for employers in the country.
In major parts of India as well as the world, women are still denied basic education and are never allowed to pursue higher education despite possessing the acumen needed. This colossal waste of talent is definitely holding economies backward.
Women empowerment in its actuality is synonymous with complete development of the society. An educated woman, with knowledge about health, hygiene, cleanliness is capable of creating a better disease-free environment for her family. A self-employed woman is capable of contributing not only to her family’s finances, but also contributes towards increment of the country’s overall GDP. A shared source of income is much more likely to uplift the quality of life than a single income household and more often than not helps the family come out of poverty trap. Women aware of their legal rights are less likely to be victims of domestic violence or other forms of exploitations. Their inherent aptitude towards organization and well-rounded maintenance of home makes them uniquely suited for political and civil leadership roles. The 73rd & 74th Amendments (1993) to the constitution of India have provided some special powers to women – reservation of seats(33%) and the ‘New Panchayati Raj’ – to empower women at least at the village level, is a prime example of the point in discussion. Participation of women in political and social positions of power has seen marked reduction in corruption in those specific areas which adds another advantageous point in favor of women empowerment.
Women empowerment is currently a burning issue on the minds of nation’s policymakers as it commands a lot of media attention and international focus lately. It is a fact that women are built different than men by nature yet this difference cannot be translated to mean inferiority. In the few last decades, India has witnessed some changes in the status and role of women in our society. There has been shift in policy approaches – what was focused on ‘welfare’ in the seventies, ‘development’ in the eighties and ‘growth’ in the nineties, has now been tagged with the contemporary term of ’empowerment’. Empowering women socially, economically, educationally, politically and legally is going to be a Herculean task. It will not be easy changing the deep-rooted perception that women are inferior, dependent and dispensable, resulting in a culture of disregard for women in Indian society. But it does not mean that change is implausible. Time is needed to eradicate the perception. But with the push towards the right direction and a lot of effort directed, this task might just be achievable. All we need is an organized approach from the Government and law enforcement agencies of the country focused in the right direction that would rest only with the liberation of women from all forms of evil.
Many students find themselves getting stuck right at the start of an essay due to not being able to choose the right topic. This is why we’ve created this guide where you are provided with 20 narrative essay topics on women empowerment essay to choose from. You no longer have to spend hours just doodling over what women empowerment topic to write on.
Previously, we had discussed 10 facts for a narrative essay on women empowerment so that you can write a more liberal essay, while backing up your thoughts or ideas through credible sources and facts.
And just so you know, in our final guide, how to write a narrative essay for women empowerment, you’ll be brought to speed on tips and tricks that enhance your writing and make the essay interesting to read
Without further ado, here are 20 narrative essay topics on women empowerment:
- How an Increase in Women’s Education Results in Higher Economic Growth
- Merits of Reducing the Gap between Men’s and Women’s Labor Force
- Why Women Bear Disproportionate Responsibility for Housework
- Reasons Women Like to Work under Informal Employment
- Should Women be Paid Less than Men? If Not, Why is This Happening Today?
- Evidence Shows That Women Are Better at Harvesting Goods than Men
- Why is it That More Women Die in Natural Disasters than Men?
- How to Get Rid of Physical and Sexual Violence Against Women
- The Relationship between HIV and Lack of Women Empowerment
- Risks of Getting Sexually Harassed if You are a Woman
- The Frivolous Culture of Being Forced to Get Married at the Age of 18
- Effects of an Early Marriage on Women
- Why 92% of Women in New Delhi Are Sexually Harassed by Men
- Reason why 70% of Women Are Subjected to Physical and/or Sexual Violence
- Gender Inequality: A Culture That Has Dominated the Entire Human Civilization
- Why Women Are Not Allowed to Drive or Work in Saudi Arabia
- How Education Can Empower Women to Say No to an Early Marriage
- Psychological Effects of Gender Parity and Inequality on Women
- How Education Can Help Save Millions of Mothers’ Lives
- Increasing Economic Growth through Women’s Labor Force
There you go! Since there are 20 topics to choose from, we believe that it would now be very easy for you to start essay writing. If you are still unsure which topic to choose from, we recommend choosing a topic that you are most familiar with.
As promised, we’ve written a sample narrative essay on women empowerment for you, so you can have a fairly good idea about how it should be written. Be sure to read our final guide before you start writing your narrative essay on women empowerment, which is all about “how to write a narrative essay on women empowerment”. The guide will help you write an exemplary essay and leave your professors in awe.
Here is the sample narrative essay on women empowerment:
Sample Narrative Essay: Psychological Effects of Gender Parity and Inequality on Women
I remember when I was about 9 years old, I never really cared about what others thought about me and my gender – on the contrary, gender inequality was far from any thoughts. But when I started high school, I soon began to feel what it meant to be a woman.
I have a brother who’s two years older than me though I was always consciously aware that he never knew how I feel about my life then and how I faced troublesome issues, growing up as a woman. I completed my Bachelors in Business Administration because I was interested to work in a financial firm, but these “firms” were not looking for females. In fact, their vacancies were only open to men. Because of this reason, I was unable to plan my future goals and wasted several years before I realized that I was under psychological stress.
Getting rejected just because I was a woman, led me to believe that I am not worth living, which to make matters worse, led to depression, anxiety and insomnia. I didn’t want to involve my family in my personal affairs and all I can say when I look back is that my voice didn’t have the same weight as my brother’s did.
Due to the reason that I couldn’t apply at a financial firm given my gender, I had to find a mid-level job and worked as a cashier in a local store for several years in order to financially support my studies, which enabled me to complete my Masters in Business Administration. These events, however, damaged my self-esteem and I felt a notable change in my mood, lifestyle and how I perceived myself. I didn’t care about how I looked or how others perceived me, as there was a fire in me to complete my education, but also fear that if I fail my exams, my dreams would permanently shatter into little pieces.
Unfortunately, before I could finish my studies, my parents decided to marry me to someone whom they claimed had been “chosen very wisely”. At the time, I hadn’t given much thought to marriage as my focus was on completing my Master’s program, but since I was a woman, my voice had no weight and I had no say at all in the matter.
At the age of 21, I was married off to a guy who was 8 years older than me. In the first few years, I was nothing but a “playtoy” for my husband but soon, he realized that I was in a lot of pain emotionally and needed a shoulder to lean on. My husband soon started to understand me and tend to my needs; he encouraged me to complete my studies and loved me the way I truly wanted to be loved. Since that moment, I’ve realized that my parents did chose a great husband for me – a humble and loving individual who knew more about me than I knew myself.
I now realize how many young women must have faced problems due to gender inequality. Thinking about those women and how they may not have caring and thoughtful husbands like mine, sends shivers down my spine and I feel sorry for them. I hope the world soon realizes how hard it is for women to live a life that they can only dream about.
That’s wraps up our sample essay. Let’s head over to our last guide, how to write a narrative essay for women empowerment, where you familiarize yourself with tips, methods and tactics to improve your narrative writing and deliver an exemplary paper to your professor.
- DANIELLE ZIELINSKI, (2013) INFOGRAPHIC: THE DOLLARS AND SENSE OF FAMILY PLANNING – PAI http://pai.org/blog/infographic-the-dollars-and-sense-of-family-planning-2/
- Susheela Singh and Jacqueline E. Darroch, (2012) Adding It Up: Costs and Benefits of Contraceptive Services – Guttmacher Institute https://www.guttmacher.org/report/adding-it-costs-and-benefits-contraceptive-services-estimates-2012
- EFA Global Monitoring Report, UNESCO, (2011) Education Counts Towards the Millennium Development Goals http://www.unesco.org/new/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/HQ/ED/pdf/gmr-ec-4-50.pdf
- MAKERS Team, (2015) 21 Facts You Never Knew About International Gender Inequality – MAKERS http://www.makers.com/blog/21-facts-you-never-knew-about-international-gender-inequality
- UNICEF, (2014) Facts on Girls’ Education – Press Center http://www.unicef.org/media/media_45452.html
- (2013) The Millennium Development Goals Report – United Nations New York http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/pdf/report-2013/mdg-report-2013-english.pdf
- Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Gender Equality in Education, Employment and Entrepreneurship: Final Report to the MCM 2012. p. 17 http://www.oecd.org/employment/50423364.pdf.
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