Teaching “The Cask of Amontillado”
Use these “Cask of Amontillado” questions to focus on “The Cask of Amontillado” themes.
ELA Common Core Standards Covered
The following Cask of Amontillado study questions cover the following ELA common core standards for reading and writing. This is for your administrator, not your kids. Kids need student-friendly worded objectives.
- RL.9-10.1 Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.
- RL.9-10.2 Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze in detail its development over the course of the text, including how it emerges and is shaped and refined by specific details; provide an objective summary of the text.
- RL.9-10.3 Analyze how complex characters (e.g., those with multiple or conflicting motivations) develop over the course of a text, interact with other characters, and advance the plot or develop the theme.
- RL.9-10.5 Analyze how an author’s choices concerning how to structure a text, order events within it (e.g., parallel plots), and manipulate time (e.g., pacing, flashbacks) create such effects as mystery, tension, or surprise.
“Cask of Amontillado” Questions on Theme
Begin your discussion of Poe’s classic by examining revenge in “The Cask of Amontillado” and other “Cask of Amontillado” themes. Be sure to check out “The Cask of Amontillado” Teacher’s Guide.
1. Discuss revenge in “The Cask of Amontillado”
- Revenge in “The Cask of Amontillado” forms the story’s central conflict and central theme. The narrator begins the tale by defining the perfect revenge: (1) the revenge must go unpunished; (2) the avenger must make himself known to the avenged. Montresor then narrates the perfect revenge. Most readers want to know what Fortunato did to provoke Montresor to such a dastardly crime. It’s irrelevant. Montresor wishes to focus on the revenge, not the cause of the revenge.
2. What other themes are developed in “The Cask of Amontillado”?
- “Cask of Amontillado” themes include pride. It is Fortunato’s pride that leads to his downfall and Montresor’s pride that leads to his desire for revenge: (1) Fortunato is so enamored with his own ability to judge wine that he stops his celebrating in order to demonstrate his wine acumen to Montresor. In addition, he revels in the probability that Montresor had been duped by the amontillado dealer. Fortunato’s attitude as he walks with Montresor shows him to be pompous and careless with his words, lending credibility to Montresor’s claims of insult (of course Montresor is the narrator and slants things to favor himself). (2) Montresor’s finding offense and insult in the babblings of a drunk buffoon show that he too possesses insecurities and pride.
A Few More Questions
1. What role does deception play in the narrative?
- Another prevalent “Cask of Amontillado” theme is deception. “The Cask of Amontillado” contains several examples of verbal irony which serve to deceive Fortunato and portray the narrator as cold and calculating: (1) Fortunato tells Montresor not to worry about his cough, that it will not kill him. Montresor replies, “True–true.” On the surface it appears that Montresor is consoling his friend. We know, however, that Montresor is certain the cough won’t kill him because he’s about to kill him. (2) On his initial greeting, Montresor says, “My dear Fortunato, you are luckily met.” To Fortunato he means it’s a lucky break that there is someone nearby who knows enough about wine to help. What Montresor really means is it’s a lucky meeting because he wants to kill him that evening. (3) Montresor continually shows concern for Fortunato, even imploring him not to go into the vaults, a deft use of reverse psychology.
2. In what respects is the narrator unreliable?
- The short answer is in every respect the narrator is unreliable. You didn’t come here for the short answer, did you? I’ll now give the long answer: There is ample evidence to suggest that Fortunato is a pompous ass and capable of insult. There is ample evidence, also, that Montresor is a whack job and could have murdered Fortunato for no reason. In addition, there is ample evidence that Montresor is a big enough whack job to make up the entire story…of course, there’s evidence that he is a big enough whack job to do exactly what he describes. What is clear is Montresor’s tale only gives one side of the story. Everything he tells is told in an effort to justify his actions. Do we really know if Fortunato was a jerk? Did Fortunato really look as ridiculous as Montresor says? Does Montresor truly handle the situation in the calm manner he implies? We don’t know because we only get Montresor’s side.
Short Story Teacher’s Guides
Teaching the Reading Literature Common Core Standards are easy with short stories.
The Black Cat
The Cask of Amontillado
The Masque of the Red Death
The Most Dangerous Game
The Gift of the Magi
It would probably take you less time to read "The Cask of Amontillado" than it will to read this summary:
Montresor doesn't like Fortunato on account of the thousands of injuries he has caused, injuries that he bears magnanimously (yes, that's sarcasm), but when Fortunato resorts to insult, Montresor vows revenge, a revenge which excludes punishment and a revenge which makes Fortunato completely aware of who's getting the revenge.
It's Carnival in Italy and good wine is at a premium. Montresor uses stratagem to lure Fortunato into his underground vaults to exact his revenge. Fortunato, ever so happy to display his wine wisdom, agrees to accompany Montresor into the catacombs to test the wine, hoping to expose Montresor as a fool, ironic considering Fortunato's wearing the fool's costume.There are two things that allow Montresor's plan to succeed: (1) Fortunato is extremely drunk; (2) Montresor is a master of reverse psychology and irony. Numerous times, he cautions Fortunato about his cough and declares his wish to go to Luchesi--whom we know little of other than Fortunato thinks he's an "ignoramus." This mention of Fortunato's rival makes him all the more eager to prove Montresor's imbecility in buying Amontillado from a huckster.
The two proceed down the ancient corridor when, suddenly, Montresor chains Fortunato to a wall, where he has remained ever since.